NR 507 Midterm Exam (Version 8 Solutions)
1. Question: Infants are most susceptible to significant losses in total body water because of an infant’s:
2. Question: The drug heparin acts in hemostasis by which processes?
3. Question: Which cells have phagocytic properties similar to monocytes and contract like smooth muscles cells, thereby influencing the glomerular filtration rate?
4. Question: Erythrocyte life span of less than 120 days, ineffective bone marrow response to erythropoietin, and altered iron metabolism describe the pathophysiologic characteristics of which type of anemia?
5. Question: Which blood cell type is elevated at birth but decreases to adult levels during the first year of life?
6. Question: Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is associated with which type of hypersensitivity reaction?
7. Question: Which drug may be prescribed orally for outbreak management of herpes simplex viral (HSV) infections?
8. Question: Which substance has been shown to increase the risk of cancer when used in combination with tobacco smoking?
9. Question: An infant’s hemoglobin must fall below ___ g/dl before signs of pallor, tachycardia, and systolic murmurs occur.
10. Question: How high does the plasma glucose have to be before the threshold for glucose is achieved?
11. Question: Which disorder results in decreased erythrocytes and platelets with changes in leukocytes and has clinical manifestations of pallor, fatigue, petechiae, purpura, bleeding, and fever?
12. Question: Deficiencies in which element can produce depression of both B- and T-cell function?
13. Question: Apoptosis is a(an):
14. Question: The only surface inside the nephron where cells are covered with microvilli to increase the reabsorptive surface area is called the:
15. Question: The coronary ostia are located in the:
16. Question: Causes of hyperkalemia include:
17. Question: Why is nasal congestion a serious threat to young infants?
18. Question: Continuous increases in left ventricular filing pressures result in which disorder?
19. Question: What is the first stage in the infectious process?
20. Question: Which type of immunity is produced by an individual after either natural exposure to the antigen or after immunization against the antigen?
21. Question: What are the abnormalities in cytokines found in children with cystic fibrosis (CF)?
22. Question: What substance stimulates renal hydroxylation in the process of producing vitamin D?
23. Question: When a patient has small, vesicular lesions that last between 10 and 20 days, which sexually transmitted infection is suspected?
24. Question: Which organ is stimulated during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)?
25. Question: Which primary characteristic is unique for the immune response?
26. Question: What is the fundamental physiologic manifestation of anemia?
27. Question: Hypersensitivity is best defined as a(an):
28. Question: What is the life span of an erythrocyte (in days)?
29. Question: The risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) decreases for premature infants when they are born between how many weeks of gestation?
30. Question: Research supports the premise that exercise has a probable impact on reducing the risk of which cancer?
31. Question: Which immunoglobulin (Ig) is present in childhood asthma?
32. Question: Causes of hyperkalemia include:
33. Question: An individual is more susceptible to infections of mucous membranes when he or she has a seriously low level of which immunoglobulin antibody?
34. Question: What is the primary site for uncomplicated local gonococci infections in men?
35. Question: Decreased lung compliance means that the lungs are demonstrating which characteristic?
36. Question: Which organism is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection?
37. Question: The Papanicolaou (Pap) test is used to screen for which cancer?
38. Question: What is the ratio of coronary capillaries to cardiac muscle cells?
39. Question: Which laboratory test is considered adequate for an accurate and reliable diagnosis of gonococcal urethritis in a symptomatic man?
40. Question: What is the role of collagen in the clotting process?
41. Question: Fetal hematopoiesis occurs in which structure?
42. Question: The glomerular filtration rate is directly related to which factor?
43. Question: What is the primary problem resulting from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn?
44. Question: What is the trigone?
45. Question: Which hormone is synthesized and secreted by the kidneys?
46. Question: Which hepatitis virus is known to be sexually transmitted?
47. Question: What is the functional unit of the kidney called?
48. Question: A person with type O blood is considered to be the universal blood donor because type O blood contains which of the following?
49. Question: Which hormone is required for water to be reabsorbed in the distal tubule and collecting duct?
50. Question: Low plasma albumin causes edema as a result of a reduction in which pressure?
51. Question: The most common site of metastasis for a patient diagnosed with prostate cancer is which location?
52. Question: How is most of the oxygen in the blood transported?
53. Question: What is the direct action of atrial natriuretic hormone?
54. Question: What is the purpose of the spirometry measurement?
55. Question: Carcinoma in situ is characterized by which changes?
56. Question: If the sinoatrial (SA) node fails, then at what rate (depolarizations per minute) can the atrioventricular (AV) node depolarize?
57. Question: What effects do exercise and body position have on renal blood flow?
58. Question: What is the major concern regarding the treatment of gonococci infections?
59. Question: Innervation of the bladder and internal urethral sphincter is supplied by which nerves?
60. Question: Which congenital heart defects occur in trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and Down syndrome?