1 PAGE REPONSE NEEDED APA STYLE REFERENCE MUST BE LESS THAN 5 YEARS OLD FOR ADVANCE NURSING INFORMATICS CLASS
Without the various roles and expertise of professional nurses in the development of nursing informatics, clinical information systems would not be able to have a foundation based on evidence-based practice. Evidence based practice is essential to developing clinical information systems in order to further the generation of nursing knowledge. Evidenced based practice is a process that uses the current best evidence in the care of patients as an approach to problem solving (McEwen & Wills, 2017). By nature, nurses gather data and record and collect clinical data that is objective on a daily basis. Professional nurses will gather this clinical data and identify trends seen across groups of patients (McGonigal & Mastrian, 2017). A solution to a problematic trend may be identified, implemented and seen to improve or make a positive impact on such trend which would be an example of evidence-based practice.
The use of nursing informatics through the electronic medical record, which is one of the most widely used clinical information systems in nursing today, has been heavily dependent on evidence-based practice. The EMR can be broken down to professional nurses chronicling their daily clinical challenges and queries (McGonigal & Mastrian, 2017). Documenting in an EMR includes using clinical practice guidelines which have been generated through evidence-based practice. For example, a patient can be identified as a fall risk using a basic fall risk assessment that has been previously synthesized to tailor specific criteria in identifying fall risks through daily nursing practice. This will usually would include age, previous fall incidence, medication, mobility and cognition. Once this fall risk has been identified, the nurse would open a clinical practice guideline parameter to document implemented patient centered care and focused interventions in the real-world setting (Vance, 2012). This is merely one example of knowledge brought into the CIS through research conducted by nurses. Evidence based practice was founded only to be useful in integrating into clinical information systems when is it used in clinical workflow (Bakken, Currie, Lee, Roberts, Collins & Cimino, 2008). Hence, the implementation of the CPG driven support system. Every clinical practice guideline has been developed through the use of evidence-based practice and then brought into the clinical information system of EMR.