Soap Note 2 Chronic ConditionsSoap Note Chronic Conditions (15 Points)Pick any Chronic Disease from Weeks 6-10Soap notes will be uploaded to Moodle and put through TURN-It-In (anti-Plagiarism program)Follow the MRU Soap Note Rubric as a guideTurn it in Score must be less than 50% or will not be accepted for credit, must be your own work and in your own words. You can resubmit, Final submission will be accepted if less than 50%. Copy paste from websites or textbooks will not be accepted or tolerated. Please see College Handbook with reference to Academic Misconduct StatementSOAP NOTE SAMPLE FORMAT FOR MRCName: LPDate:Time: 1315Age: 30Sex: FSUBJECTIVECC:“I am having vaginal itching and pain in my lower abdomen.”HPI:Pt is a 30y/o AA female, who is a new patient that has recently moved to Miami. She seeks treatment today after unsuccessful self-treatment of vaginal itching, burning upon urination, and lower abdominal pain. She is concerned for the presence of a vaginal or bladder infection, or an STD. Pt denies fever. She reports the itching and burning with urination has been present for 3 weeks, and the abdominal pain has been intermittent since months ago. Pt has tried OTC products for the itching, including Monistat and Vagisil. She denies any other urinary symptoms, including urgency or frequency. She describes the abdominal pain as either sharp or dull. The pain level goes as high as 8 out of 10 at times. 200mg of PO Advil PRN reduces the pain to a 7/10. Pt denies any aggravating factors for the pain. Pt reports that she did start her menstrual cycle this morning, but denies any other discharge other that light bleeding beginning today. Pt denies douching or the use of any vaginal irritants. She reports that she is in a stable sexual relationship, and denies any new sexual partners in the last 90 days. She denies any recent or historic known exposure to STDs. She reports the use of condoms with every coital experience, as well as this being her only form of contraceptive. She reports normal monthly menstrual cycles that last 3-4 days. She reports dysmenorrhea, which she also takes Advil for. She reports her last PAP smear was in 7/2016, was normal, and reports never having an abnormal PAP smear result. Pt denies any hx of pregnancies. Other medical hx includes GERD. She reports that she has an Rx for Protonix, but she does not take it every day. Her family hx includes the presence of DM and HTN.Current Medications:Protonix 40mg PO Daily for GERDMTV OTC PO DailyAdvil 200mg OTC PO PRN for painPMHx:Allergies:NKA & NKDAMedication Intolerances:DeniesChronic Illnesses/Major traumasGERDHospitalizations/SurgeriesDeniesFamily HistoryFather- DM & HTN; Mother- HTN; Older sister- DM & HTN; Maternal and paternal grandparents without known medical issues; 1 brother and 3 other sisters without known medical issues; No children.Social HistoryLives alone. Currently in a stable sexual relationship with one man. Works for DEFACS. Reports occasional alcohol use, but denies tobacco or illicit drug use.ROSGeneralDenies weight change, fatigue, fever, night sweatsCardiovascularDenies chest pain and edema. Reports rare palpitations that are relieved by drinking waterSkinDenies any wounds, rashes, bruising, bleeding or skin discolorations, any changes in lesionsRespiratoryDenies cough. Reports dyspnea that accompanies the rare palpitations and is also relieved by drinking waterEyesDenies corrective lenses, blurring, visual changes of any kindGastrointestinalAbdominal pain (see HPI) and Hx of GERD. Denies N/V/D, constipation, appetite changesEarsDenies Ear pain, hearing loss, ringing in earsGenitourinary/GynecologicalReports burning with urination, but denies frequency or urgency. Contraceptive and STD prevention includes condoms with every coital event. Current stable sexual relationship with one man. Denies known historic or recent STD exposure. Last PAP was 7/2016 and normal. Regular monthly menstrual cycle lasting 3-4 days.Nose/Mouth/ThroatDenies sinus problems, dysphagia, nose bleeds or dischargeMusculoskeletalDenies back pain, joint swelling, stiffness or painBreastDenies SBENeurologicalDenies syncope, seizures, paralysis, weaknessHeme/Lymph/EndoDenies bruising, night sweats, swollen glandsPsychiatricDenies depression, anxiety, sleeping difficultiesOBJECTIVEWeight 140lbTemp -97.7BP 123/82Height 5’4”Pulse 74Respiration 18General AppearanceHealthy appearing adult female in no acute distress. Alert and oriented; answers questions appropriately.SkinSkin is normal color for ethnicity, warm, dry, clean and intact. No rashes or lesions noted.HEENTHead is norm cephalic, hair evenly distributed. Neck: Supple. Full ROM. Teeth are in good repair.CardiovascularS1, S2 with regular rate and rhythm. No extra heart sounds.RespiratorySymmetric chest walls. Respirations regular and easy; lungs clear to auscultation bilaterally.GastrointestinalAbdomen flat; BS active in all 4 quadrants. Abdomen soft, suprapubic tender. No hepatosplenomegaly.GenitourinarySuprapubic tenderness noted. Skin color normal for ethnicity. Irritation noted at labia majora, minora, and perineum. No ulcerated lesions noted. Lymph nodes not palpable. Vagina pink and moist without lesions. Discharge minimal, thick, dark red, no odor. Cervix pink without lesions. No CMT. Uterus normal size, shape, and consistency.MusculoskeletalFull ROM seen in all 4 extremities as patient moved about the exam room.NeurologicalSpeech clear. Good tone. Posture erect. Balance stable; gait normal.PsychiatricAlert and oriented. Dressed in clean clothes. Maintains eye contact. Answers questions appropriately.Lab TestsUrinalysis – blood noted (pt. on menstrual period), but results negative for infectionUrine culture testing unavailableWet prep – inconclusiveSTD testing pending for gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, HIV, HSV 1 & 2, Hep B & CSpecial Tests- No ordered at this time.DiagnosisDifferential Diagnoses1-Bacterial Vaginosis (N76.0)2- Malignant neoplasm of female genital organ, unspecified. (C57.9)3-Gonococcal infection, unspecified. (A54.9)Diagnosiso Urinary tract infection, site not specified. (N39.0) Candidiasis of vulva and vagina. (B37.3) secondary to presenting symptoms (Colgan & Williams, 2011) & (Hainer & Gibson, 2011).Plan/TherapeuticsPlan:Medication –§ Terconazole cream 1 vaginal application QHS for 7 days for Vulvovaginal Candidiasis;§ Sulfamethoxazole/TMP DS 1 tablet PO twice daily for 3 days for UTI (Woo & Wynne, 2012)Education –§ Medications prescribed.§ UTI and Candidiasis symptoms, causes, risks, treatment, prevention. Reasons to seek emergent care, including N/V, fever, or back pain.§ STD risks and preventions.§ Ulcer prevention, including taking Protonix as prescribed, not exceeding the recommended dose limit of NSAIDs, and not taking NSAIDs on an empty stomach.Follow-up –§ Pt will be contacted with results of STD studies.§ Return to clinic when finished the period for perform pap-smear or if symptoms do not resolve with prescribed TX.ReferencesColgan, R. & Williams, M. (2011). Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis. American Family Physician, 84(7), 771-776Hainer, B. & Gibson, M. (2011). Vaginitis: Diagnosis and Treatment. American Family Physician, 83(7), 807-815.Woo, T. M., & Wynne, A. L. (2012). Pharmacotherapeutics for Nurse Practitioner Prescribers (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.Sample Soap Note Template (2)PATIENT INFORMATIONName: Mr. W.S.Age: 65-year-oldSex: MaleSource: PatientAllergies: NoneCurrent Medications: Atorvastatin tab 20 mg, 1-tab PO at bedtimePMH: HypercholesterolemiaImmunizations: Influenza last 2018-year, tetanus, and hepatitis A and B 4 years ago.Surgical History: Appendectomy 47 years ago.Family History: Father- died 81 does not report informationMother-alive, 88 years old, Diabetes Mellitus, HTNDaughter-alive, 34 years old, healthySocial Hx: No smoking history or illicit drug use, occasional alcoholic beverage consumption on social celebrations. Retired, widow, he lives alone.SUBJECTIVE:Chief complain: “headaches” that started two weeks agoSymptom analysis/HPI:The patient is 65 years old male who complaining of episodes of headaches and on 3 different occasions blood pressure was measured, which was high (159/100, 158/98 and 160/100 respectively). Patient noticed the problem started two weeks ago and sometimes it is accompanied by dizziness. He states that he has been under stress in his workplace for the last month.Patient denies chest pain, palpitation, shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting.ROS:CONSTITUTIONAL: Denies fever or chills. Denies weakness or weight loss. NEUROLOGIC: Headache and dizziness as describe above. Denies changes in LOC. Denies history of tremors or seizures.HEENT: HEAD: Denies any head injury, or change in LOC. Eyes: Denies any changes in vision, diplopia or blurred vision. Ear: Denies pain in the ears. Denies loss of hearing or drainage. Nose: Denies nasal drainage, congestion. THROAT: Denies throat or neck pain, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing.Respiratory: Patient denies shortness of breath, cough or hemoptysis.Cardiovascular: No chest pain, tachycardia. No orthopnea or paroxysmal nocturnaldyspnea.Gastrointestinal: Denies abdominal pain or discomfort. Denies flatulence, nausea, vomiting ordiarrhea.Genitourinary: Denies hematuria, dysuria or change in urinary frequency. Denies difficulty starting/stopping stream of urine or incontinence.MUSCULOSKELETAL: Denies falls or pain. Denies hearing a clicking or snapping sound.Skin: No change of coloration such as cyanosis or jaundice, no rashes or pruritus.Objective DataCONSTITUTIONAL: Vital signs: Temperature: 98.5 °F, Pulse: 87, BP: 159/92 mmhg, RR 20, PO2-98% on room air, Ht- 6’4”, Wt 200 lb, BMI 25. Report pain 0/10.General appearance: The patient is alert and oriented x 3. No acute distress noted. NEUROLOGIC: Alert, CNII-XII grossly intact, oriented to person, place, and time. Sensation intact to bilateral upper and lower extremities. Bilateral UE/LE strength 5/5.HEENT: Head: Normocephalic, atraumatic, symmetric, non-tender. Maxillary sinuses no tenderness. Eyes: No conjunctival injection, no icterus, visual acuity and extraocular eye movements intact. No nystagmus noted. Ears: Bilateral canals patent without erythema, edema, or exudate. Bilateral tympanic membranes intact, pearly gray with sharp cone of light. Maxillary sinuses no tenderness. Nasal mucosa moist without bleeding. Oral mucosa moist without lesions,.Lids non-remarkable and appropriate for race.Neck: supple without cervical lymphadenopathy, no jugular vein distention, no thyroid swelling or masses.Cardiovascular: S1S2, regular rate and rhythm, no murmur or gallop noted. Capillary refill < 2 sec.Respiratory: No dyspnea or use of accessory muscles observed. No egophony, whispered pectoriloquy or tactile fremitus on palpation. Breath sounds presents and clear bilaterally on auscultation.Gastrointestinal: No mass or hernia observed. Upon auscultation, bowel sounds present in all four quadrants, no bruits over renal and aorta arteries. Abdomen soft non-tender, no guarding, no rebound no distention or organomegaly noted on palpationMusculoskeletal: No pain to palpation. Active and passive ROM within normal limits, no stiffness.Integumentary: intact, no lesions or rashes, no cyanosis or jaundice.AssessmentEssential (Primary) Hypertension (ICD10 I10): Given the symptoms and high blood pressure (156/92 mmhg), classified as stage 2. Once the organic cause of hypertension has been ruled out, such as renal, adrenal or thyroid, this diagnosis is confirmed.Differential diagnosis:Ø Renal artery stenosis (ICD10 I70.1)Ø Chronic kidney disease (ICD10 I12.9)Ø Hyperthyroidism (ICD10 E05.90)PlanDiagnosis is based on the clinical evaluation through history, physical examination, and routine laboratory tests to assess risk factors, reveal identifiable causes and detect target-organ damage, including evidence of cardiovascular disease.These basic laboratory tests are:· CMP· Complete blood count· Lipid profile· Thyroid-stimulating hormone· Urinalysis· ElectrocardiogramØ Pharmacological treatment:The treatment of choice in this case would be:Thiazide-like diuretic and/or a CCB· Hydrochlorothiazide tab 25 mg, Initial dose: 25 mg orally once daily.Ø Non-Pharmacologic treatment:· Weight loss· Healthy diet (DASH dietary pattern): Diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products with reduced content of saturated and trans l fat· Reduced intake of dietary sodium: <1,500 mg/d is optimal goal but at least 1,000 mg/d reduction in most adults· Enhanced intake of dietary potassium· Regular physical activity (Aerobic): 90–150 min/wk.· Tobacco cessation· Measures to release stress and effective coping mechanisms.Education· Provide with nutrition/dietary information.· Daily blood pressure monitoring at home twice a day for 7 days, keep a record, bring the record on the next visit with her PCP· Instruction about medication intake compliance.· Education of possible complications such as stroke, heart attack, and other problems.· Patient was educated on course of hypertension, as well as warning signs and symptoms, which could indicate the need to attend the E.R/U.C. Answered all pt. questions/concerns. Pt verbalizes understanding to allFollow-ups/Referrals· Evaluation with PCP in 1 weeks for managing blood pressure and to evaluate current hypotensive therapy. Urgent Care visit prn.· No referrals needed at this time.ReferencesDomino, F., Baldor, R., Golding, J., Stephens, M. (2017). The 5-Minute Clinical Consult 2017 (25th ed.). Print (The 5-Minute Consult Series).Codina Leik, M. T. (2014). Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Intensive Review (2nd ed.). ISBN 978-0-8261-3424-0Chronic Conditions:Diseases and Disorders of the Renal/GU System· Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)· Bladder Cancer· Glomerulonephritis· Hematuria· Hydronephrosis· Interstitial Cystitis· Priapism· Prostate Cancer· Prostatic Hyperplasia, Benign (BPH)· Prostatitis· Pyelonephritis· Testicular Torsion· Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)Diseases and Disorders of the Endocrine System· Addison Disease· Cushing Syndrome· Diabetes· Graves Disease· Hyper-, Hypoparathyroidism· Hyper-, Hypothyroidism· Myasthenia Gravis· Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone SecretionDiseases and Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System· Ascites· Appendicitis· Celiac Disease· Cholelithiasis· Cirrhosis· Clostridium Difficile (C. Diff)· Colitis· Crohn’s Disease· Constipation· Diarrhea· Diverticulitis· Esophageal VaricesDiseases and Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System· Gastritis· Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease· Hemorrhoids· Hepatic Encephalopathy· Hepatitis· Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)· Pancreatic Cancer· Pancreatitis· PepticUlcerDisease (Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome)· Salmonella Infection
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