1) The protections offered all Americans in the Constitution, and specified in the Equal Protection and Due Process clauses of the 14th amendment, needed to be incorporated into the individual state constitutions. Explain how the Supreme Court carried out the Incorporation Doctrine. Use the court cases discussed in class.
2) Racial segregation, as it developed after the Civil War, was of two types, De Facto and De Jure. Discuss these two terms and how they apply to the civil rights movement in the United States. A complete answer should address issues such as (but not limited to): Where and how did each type manifest itself, which court cases or laws sought to uphold, curb or eliminate them, and how did the major civil rights organizations seek to address this problem. Draw upon your readings, class lecture and the â€œEyes on the Prizeâ€ video for your answer.
Answer the questions completely